With hot weather predicted, the Los Angeles Fire Department suggests you take action now to:
- Minimize the risks of sun and hot weather.
- Prepare your household, pets and workplace.
- Get relief from and avoid the effects of heat.
Adjust your attire and activities to limit sun exposure, heat and exertion!
Plan to wear loose, lightweight and light-colored clothing that covers as much of your skin as practical, and a well-ventilated hat with a wide brim - or carry an umbrella. Allow your home to ventilate in the early morning and evening when it is cooler, and stay indoors or shade whenever possible. Consider cool compresses, misting, a brief tepid shower or bath among your options to beat the heat.
Wear plenty of broad spectrum sunscreen and limit your exposure to direct sunlight between 10:00 AM and 4:00 PM, when the sun's rays are strongest. If possible, reschedule outdoor work and strenuous activities until the coolest time of the day. If indoors, cover windows that receive morning or afternoon sun with drapes, shades or awnings.
Drink plenty of water before you become thirsty and rest in the shade before you become tired!
Water is normally the best drink during hot weather, and you'll need more than you think. In fact, you can become dehydrated without feeling thirsty. For some, electrolyte-replacing sport drinks may be an option. Make certain those at greatest risk, including children, infants and the elderly stay hydrated. If you or a family member have a medical condition or are under a doctor's care, consult with a physician.
Plan on eating and serving light, healthy meals. Avoid drinks with alcohol or caffeine, which make the heat's effect much worse. Steer clear of sugar-filled or excessively cold beverages, and only use salt tablets if directed by a doctor.
Stay aware of your own wellness and that of others.
If you feel ill, tell someone immediately. Symptoms of dehydration and heat illness may include dizziness, fatigue, faintness, nausea, muscle cramps, headache and vomiting.
Many heat emergencies occur to people exercising, working or staying alone. Use a buddy system and check on older adults, frail or at-risk neighbors at least twice a day. If you suspect someone is experiencing a medical emergency from extreme heat exposure, call 9-1-1.
If your home does not have air conditioning, visit a cool place during the hottest part of the day!
Protect and assist domestic animals at risk of heat illness.
Pets, horses, and livestock are susceptible to hot weather. See that the special needs of your animals are met, including copious shade and plenty of cool water.
Learn more about hot weather safety: